Global Policy Forum

The Oslo Accords


Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat and Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin negotiated the first substantial agreement between Palestinians and Israelis at Oslo in 1993.

The Oslo Accords called for mutual recognition between Israel and the PLO and a five-year transitional period during which Israel would gradually remove its troops from major Palestinian population centers. At the end of the transitional period, an agreement would be reached based on UN Security Council resolutions 242 and 338, which call for the complete withdrawal of Israeli forces from the territories occupied in 1967. In return, Arafat promised to end anti-Israeli violence.

However, the Oslo process failed to lead to a definitive peace agreement, and frustrated Palestinians began and uprising against the occupation in September 2000. Since then, the situation continues to deteriorate and the various efforts towards peace seem to have stalled.

Key Documents

Oslo Accords (September 13, 1993)



Oslo Still Points the Way to Peace (September 19, 2003)

The 1993 Oslo peace accords have generated intense criticism. Yet former Israeli Prime Minister Shimon Peres argues in the International Herald Tribune that the accords are valuable for establishing a framework for negotiations.


Who Murdered the Oslo Accords? (April 19, 2002)

The most important aspect of the Oslo Accords dealt with economic policy: No peace could endure without cooperation around economic development. Muriel Mirak-Weissbach argues that powerful Israeli interests and their US-based allies sabotaged Oslo through economic policies handled by the World Bank. (Executive Intelligence Review)

Peres Says Mideast Peace Process Flawed From Outset (February 21, 2002)

Foreign Minister Shimon Peres believes the self-rule agreement that grants Palestinian autonomy, as negotiated in the 1993 Oslo accords, places the Palestinians in a worse situation. "We have to give them equal rights, equal recognition," says Peres. (Associated Press)


A New Direction for the Palestinian People (March 3, 2000)

Legal Advisor to the Palestinian Delegation to the Middle East peace negotiations between 1991 and 1993, Francis Boyle discloses that the Israeli government had presented the Oslo document to the Palestinian Delegation in 1992, but was rejected by the Delegation "because it obviously constituted a Bantustan." (National Press Club)


Manipulating Arafat: Behind the Scenes at Oslo - Recognizing the Need for Mutual Recognition (February-March 1995)

The legal adviser to the Israeli Foreign Ministry the time of the Oslo Accords, Joel Singer, reveals to Ha'aretz how the agreement was hastily crafted, signed in a hurry, thus resulting in its own contradictions.

To the Breaking Point (February-March 1995)

The Palestinians expected Oslo to put an end to Israeli occupation and domination, and for Israelis, the Agreement was supposed to mean, first and foremost, an end to terrorism. A year and a half later, the Israeli-Palestinian war is as hotly on as at any time in the past decades. And on both sides, the leaderships which committed themselves to Oslo are steadily weakening. (Other Israel)


FAIR USE NOTICE: This page contains copyrighted material the use of which has not been specifically authorized by the copyright owner. Global Policy Forum distributes this material without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving the included information for research and educational purposes. We believe this constitutes a fair use of any such copyrighted material as provided for in 17 U.S.C § 107. If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.