Global Policy Forum



This page links to selected bibliographies of some topics that GPF covers. The listings are by no means exhaustive, and are intended to give a general idea of the materials available on the topics. GPF has colected bibliographies on the following topics; the UN, the Security Council, Peacekeeping, Sanctions, Global Taxes, Globalization, Empire?, Nations and States, UN Finance and UN reform.

Bibliography on the United Nations


Adam Bartos and Christopher Hitchens
International Territory: the United Nations 1945-1995
London: Verso, 1994

Phyllis Bennis
Calling the Shots: how Washington dominates today's UN
Brooklyn: Olive Branch Press, 1996

Maurice Bertrand
Paris: Decouverte, 1995

Erskine Childers (ed.)
Challenges to the United Nations: building a safer world
London: Catholic Institute of International Relations, 1994

Erskine Childers with Brian Urquhart
Renewing the United Nations System
New York: Ford Foundation, 1994

Harlan Cleveland, Hazel Henderson & Inge Kaul
The United Nations: Policy and Financing Alternatives
Washington: Global Commission to Fund the UN, 1996

David Cortright and George A. Lopez
Economic Sanctions: panacea or peacebuilding in a post-cold war world?
Boulder: Westview Press, 1995

Mahbub ul Haq
Reflections on Human Development
New York: Oxford University Press, 1995

Mahbub ul Haq, Richard Jolly, Paul Streeten and Khadija Haq
The UN and the Bretton Woods Institutions: new challenges for the twenty-first century
New York: St. Martin's Press, 1995

David Held
Democracy and the Global Order
Cambridge: Polity Press, 1995

Klaus Hüfner (ed.)
Agenda for change: New tasks for the United Nations
Opladen: Leske + Budrich, 1995

Craig Murphy
International Organization and Industrial Change: global governance since 1850
New York: Oxford University Press, 1994

New Zealand Ministry of Foreign Affairs & Trade
United Nations Handbook
Revised and published annually; available from the Ministry and New Zealand Missions, Embassies and High Commissions worldwide.

Gerard Piel
Only One World: our own to make and to keep
New York: W H Freeman, 1992

Adam Roberts/Benedict Kingsbury (eds.)
United Nations, Divided World: The UN's Roles in International Relations
Oxford: Oxford University Press, second revised and expanded edition, 1993

Bruno Simma
The Charter of the United Nations: A Commentary
2 Vols. Oxford: Oxford University Press, second edition, 2002

Thomas G. Weiss/Sam Daws (eds.)
The Oxford Handbook on the United Nations
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007

Helmut Volger (ed.)
A Concise Encyclopedia of the United Nations
Leiden/Boston, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, second revised edition, 2010

Ian Williams
The U.N. for Beginners
London: Writers and Readers, 1995

Rüdiger Wolfrum (ed.)
United Nations: Law, Policies and Practice. 2 Vols.
New, Revised English Edition.
Munich: C.H. Beck – Dordrecht/London/Boston: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 1995

Bibliography on the Security Council

Thomas Bruha "Security Council", in Rüdiger Wolfrum (ed.) United Nations: Law, Policies and Practice, Vol. 1
Munich/Dordrecht: C. H. Beck/Martinus Nijhoff 1995, pp. 1147-1161.

Ingo Winkelmann "Security Council", in Helmut Volger (ed.) A Concise Encyclopedia of the United Nations
Leiden/Boston, Martinus Nijhoff Publishes, second revised edition 2010, pp. 649-657.

Sydney D. Bailey and Sam Daws
The Procedure of the UN Security Council (3rd ed.)
Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1998

Sydney D. Bailey

The UN Security Council and Human Rights
New York: St Martin's, 1994

Sydney D. Bailey
Veto in the Security Council
New York: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 1968

Mohammed Bedjaoui
The New World Order and the Security Council
Dordrecht: Nijhoff, 1994

Lincoln P. Bloomfield et al
Collective Security in a Changing World
Providence, RI: Watson Institute Occasional Paper No. 10, 1993

Comitato Nazionale per la Celebrazione del Cinquantesimo Anniversario dell'ONU
The Reform of the Security Council: an Italian proposal
Rome: Il Cigno Galileo Galilei, 1996

David Caron
The Legitimacy of the Collective Authority of the Security Council
AJIL, 1993

Nicol Davidson (ed.)
Paths to Peace: the UN Security Council and its presidency
New York: Pergammon, 1981

René-Jean Dupuy (ed.)
The development of the role of the security council: peace-keeping and peace-building
(Le développement du rôle du conseil de sécurité)
Dordrecht: Nijhoff, 1993

Bardo Fassbender
UN Security Council Reform and the Right of Veto: a constitutional perspective
The Hague: Kluwer, 1998

Ben Ferencz
Global Survival: security through the General Assembly
Dobs Ferry: Oceana, 1994

Vera Gowlland-Debbas
The Functions of the United Nations Security Council in the International Legal Systeme. The Role of Law in International Politics. Essays in International Relations and International Law.
Oxford University Press, Michael Byers (ed.), 2000

Vera Gowlland-Debbas
The Relationship between the Security Council and the International Criminal Court
in Journal of Armed Conflict Law, vol.3, 1998

K. Herndl
Reflections on the role, functions and procedures of the Security Council in the United Nations
Dordrecht: Nijhof, 1991

Walter Hoffmann
United Nations Security Council Reform and Restructuring
Livingston, NJ: Center for UN Reform Education, 1994

Martain Khor and Chin Oy Sim
Security Council Reform and Democratization: an overview
Geneva: International NGO Network on Global Governance and Democratization of International Relations, 1994

Jeffrey Laurenti
Reforming the Security Council: What American Interests?
New York:UNA-USA, 1997

Terence O'Brien
The United Nations: Legacy and Reform
CSS working Paper 6/97
Wellington, New Zealand, Centre for Strategic Studies, 1997

Sir Anthony Parsons
The Security Council: an uncertain future
London: David Davies Memorial Institute, Occasional Paper, 1994

Anjali V. Patil
The UN veto in world affairs 1946-1990, a complete record and case histories of the Security Council's veto
Sarasota: UNIFO, 1992

James A. Paul
Security Council Reform: arguments about the future of the United Nations system
New York: Global Policy Forum, 1995

Bruce Russett (ed.) (with contributions from Ian Hurd et al)
The Once and Future Security Council
New York: St. Martin's, 1997

Danesh Sarooshi
The United Nations and the Development of Collective Security. The Delegation by the UN Security Council of its Chapter VII Powers
Oxford: Clarendon, 1999

R. Sonnenfeld
Resolutions of the United Nations Security Council
Dordrecht: Nijhoff, 1990

Stanley Foundation
Getting Down to Cases: Enforcing Security Council Resolutions
Muscatine, Iowa: Stanley Foundation, 1998

Karel C. Wellens
Resolutions and statements of the United Nations Security Council, (1946-2000): a thematic guide
New York: Kluwer Law International, 2001. United Nations Association-USA Security Council Enforcement Project

Bibliography on Peacekeeping

Dennis C. Jett
Why Peacekeeping Fails
Houndmills/London: MacMillan Press, 2000

Ingrid A. Lehmann
Peacekeeping and Public Information. Caught in the Crossfire
London: Frank Cass Publishers, 1999

Kofi A. Annan
"Peace Operations and the United Nations: Preparing for the Next Century"
New York: United Nations Department of Peace Keeping Operations, 1996

Rene-Jean Dupuy

The Development of the Role of the Security Council. Peace-keeping and Peace-building
Dordrecht; Boston: M. Nijhoff, 1993, X-VIII

Jarat Chopra (ed.)
Special issue on Peace-Maintenance Operations
Global Governance: A Review of Multilateralism and International Organizations
Volume 4, Number 1, January-March 1998
Also published in book form: The Politics of Peace-Maintenance, Boulder; London: Rienner, 1998

Cindy Collins and Thomas G. Weiss
An Overview and Assessment of 1989-1996 Peace Operations Publications
Providence RI: Watson Institute Occasional Paper no. 28

Gunnar Fermann
Bibliography on international peacekeeping
Dordrecht; Boston: M. Nijhoff, 1992

Stephen M. Hill
Peacekeeping and the United Nations
Aldershot; Brookfield, USA: Dartmouth, 1996

International Peacekeeping
London, 1994--
Quarterly journal published by Frank Cass Publishers

Winrich Kühne (ed.)
Winning the Peace: Concept and Lessons Learned of Post-Conflict Peacebuilding
Ebenhausen: Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik, 1996

Anthony McDermott
United Nations Financing Problems and the New Generation of Peacekeeping and Peace Enforcement
Providence, RI: Watson Insitute Occasional Paper No. 16

Terry M. Mays
Historical dictionary of multinational peacekeeping
International Organizations Series no. 9
Lanham, MD: Scarecrow, 1996

Susan R. Mills
The Financing of United Nations Peacekeeping Operations: the need for a sound financial basis
New York: International Peace Academy Occasional Papers, 1989

Peacekeeping and International Relations
Ottawa, 1991--
Bimonthly journal published in cooperation with the Canadian Institute of Strategic Studies.

Michael Pugh (ed.)
The UN, peace, and force
London; Portland, OR: Frank Cass, 1997

Michael Renner
Remaking U.N. Peacekeeping: U.S. Policy and Real Reform
Washington: National Commission for Economic Conversion and Disarmament, 1995

United Nations Department of Public Information
Teaching about peace-keeping and peacemaking
(Documentation accompanies a video (sold separately) about peace-keeping operations)
New York: United Nations, 1993

Ramesh Chandra Thakur
A crisis of expectations: UN peacekeeping in the 1990s
Boulder: Westview Press, 1995

Brian Urquhart
"For a UN Volunteer Force"
New York Review of Books, June 10, 1993

Brian Urquhart
"Who Can Police the World?"
New York Review of Books, May 12, 1994

Thomas J. Watson Jr. Institute for International Studies
Peace Operations Resource Site
A great new site with several resource tools, including a bibliographic database, sample syllabi, relevant journals and related web sites.

Agostinho Zacarias
The United Nations and international peacekeeping
London; New York: I.B. Tauris; distributed in the U.S.A. and Canada by St. Martin's, 1996

Bibliography on Sanctions

Mahvash Alerassool

Freezing Assets: The USA and the Most Effective Economic Sanction
New York: St. Martins Press, 1993

Amorim Group Report
Informal Open Ended Working Group on an Agenda for Peace - Subgroup on the Question of United Nations Imposed Sanctions (Chaired by Amb. Celso Amorim of Brazil)
United Nations General Assembly
Provisional Text dated 10 July 1996

Sydney D. Bailey
The UN Security Council and Human Rights
New York: St. Martin's Press, 1994

Charles M. Becker and Jan H. Hofmeyr
The Impact of Sanctions on South Africa
Washington: Investor Responsibility Research Center, 1990

G.-L. Burci
The Indirect Effects of United Nations Sanctions on Third States: The Role of the Article 50 of the Charter
African Year Book of International Law, 1994, vol.2, pp.157-171

Barry A. Burciul
United Nations Sanctions: Policy Options for Canada
Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade May, 1998

Barry E. Carter
International Economic Sanctions: improving the haphazard U.S. legal regime
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988

Carter Center of Emory University
Working Paper Series
Final Report of the Meeting on the Viability of International Economic Sanctions
Atlanta: Carter Center, 1996

Center for Economic and Social Rights
UN Sanctioned Suffering in Iraq
New York: CESR, 1996

Paul Conlon
"Sanctions infrastructure and Activities of the United Nations: a critical assessment"
Carnegie Commission on Preventing Deadly Conflict, Task Force on Economic Sanctions
September 20, 1995

David Cortright and George A. Lopez
Economic Sanctions: panacea or peacebuilding in a post-Cold War world?
Boulder: Westview, 1995

David Cortright and George A. Lopez
The Sanctions Decade: Assessing UN Strategies in the 1990s
Boulder: Lynne Rienner, 2000

Lori Fisler Damrosch
Enforcing Restraint: Collective Intervention in Internal Conflicts
New York: Council on Foreign Relations Press, 1993

M.S. Daoudi and M.S. Danjani
Economic Sanctions: Ideals and Experience
London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1983

Margaret P. Doxey
International Sanctions in Contemporary Perspective
New York: St. Martin's Press, 1987

United Nations Sanctions: Current Policy Issues
Dalhousie University: Center for Policy Studies, 1999

Kimberly Ann Elliott

Towards a Framework for Multilateral Sanctions
Atlanta: Carter Center, 1996

Alexander George
Forceful Persuasion: Coercive Diplomacy as an Alternative to War
Washington: US Institute for Peace, 1991

Elizabeth D. Gibbons
Sanctions in Haiti: Human Rights and Democracy under Assault
Washington: The CSIS Press, 1999

Eric Hoskins
The Impact of Sanctions: A Study of UNICEF's Perspective
New York: UNICEF Office of Emergency Programmes

Eric Hoskins and Samantha Nutt
The Humanitarian Impacts of Economic Sanctions on Burundi
Providence, RI: Watson Institute Occasional Paper #29, 1997

Gary Hufbauer and Jeffrey Schott
Economic Sanctions Reconsidered
Washington: 1985

Sister Mary Evelyn Jegen
"Towards a Framework for International Sanctions Policy"
18 April 1996

David Leighton-Brown (ed.)
The Utility of International Economic Sanctions
New York: St. Martin's Press, 1987

Michael P. Malloy
Economic Sanctions and U.S. Trade
Boston: Little, Brown, 1990

Robert K. Massie
Losing the Bonds
New York: Doubleday, 1998

Larry Minear, David Cortright, Julia Wagler, George A. Lopez and Thomas G. Weiss
Toward More Humane and Effective Sanctions Management: enhancing the capacity of the United Nations system
Providence, RI: Watson Institute, Occasional Paper #31, 1998

Kim Richard Nossal
Rain Dancing: Sanctions in Canadian and Australian Foreign Policy
Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1994

Pax Christi International
Economic Sanctions and International Relations
Brussels: Pax Christi, 1993

Michael Renner
Remaking U.N. Peacekeeping: U.S. Policy and Real Reform
Washington: National Commission for Economic Conversion and Disarmament, 1995

Secretary General of the United Nations
Report on Economic Assistance to States Affected by the Implementation of the Security Council Resolutions Imposing Sanctions Against the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
New York: United Nations, 13 September 1996 (A/51/356)

Security Council
Non-Paper on Humanitarian Aspects of Sanctions
S/1995/300 (April 1995)

Juan Somavia
"The Humanitarian Responsibilities of the Security Council"
[The Gilbert Murray Lecture at Oxfam, Oxford UK, June 1996]

Stanley Foundation
Political Symbol or Policy Tool: Making Sanctions Work
Muscatine, Iowa: The Stanley Foundation, 1993

John Stremlau
Sharpening International Sanctions: Towards a Stronger Role for the United Nations
Washington, DC: Carnegie Commission on Preventing Deadly Conflict, 1996

Koenraad Van Brabant
Can Sanctions be Smarter?: The Current Debate: Report of a Conference Held in London, 16-17 December 1998
London: The Humanitarian Policy Group and the Relief and Rehabilitation Network at the Overseas Development Institute, May 1999

Koenraad Van Brabant (ed.)
Sanctions: The Current Debate: A Summary of Selected Readings
London: The Humanitarian Policy Group and the Relief and Rehabilitation Network at the Overseas Development Institute, March 1999

Claudia von Braunmühl and Manfred Kulessa
The Impact of UN Sanctions on Humanitarian Assistance Activities
A Report on a Study Commissioned by the United Nations Department of Humanitarian Affairs
Berlin: Gesellschaft für Communication Management Interkultur Training, December 1995

Thomas G. Weiss, David Cortright, George A. Lopez and Larry Minear
Political Gain and Civilian Pain: humanitarian impacts of economic sanctions
Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield, 1997

Bibliography on Global Taxes

P Arestis and M. Sawyer, "How Many Cheers for the Tobin Tax?" Cambridge Journal of Economics, Volume 21, Issue 6: November 1997.

Harlan Cleveland, Hazel Henderson & Inge Kaul, The United Nations: Policy and Financing Alternatives, Washington, Global Commission to Fund the United Nations, 1996.

Hans D'Orville and Dragoljub Najman, "A new system to finance the United Nations," Security Dialogue, vol. 25, no. 2 (June, 1994)

David Felix, "The Tobin Tax Proposal: background, issues and prospects," New York, UNDP Policy Paper, 1995.

Mahbub ul Haq, Inge Kaul and Isabelle Grunberg, (eds.), The Tobin Tax: Coping with Financial Volatility, New York, Oxford University Press, 1996.

Alan F. Kay and Hazel Henderson, "UNSIA Progress Report -- from concept to organization and test cases," Internal Paper, Global Commission to Fund the United Nations, August 24, 1995.

Ruben P. Mendez, "Financing the United Nations and the International Public Sector: Problems and Reform," Global Governance, 3 (1997), 283-310.

Ruben P. Mendez, "Paying for Peace and Development," Foreign Policy, Number 100 (Fall, 1995), pp. 19-31.

Ruben P. Mendez, "Harnessing the global currency market for the global common good," Choices, vol. 4, no. 1 (1995).

Ruben P. Mendez, "Financial Reform for the International Public Sector," Paper presented at the Wilton Park Conference, June, 1994.

Ruben P. Mendez, International Public Finance, New York, Oxford University Press, 1992.

Dragoljub Najman and Hans D'Orville, Towards a New Multilateralism: Funding Global Priorities, Paris/New York, Independent Commission on Population and Quality of Life, 1995.

Sherle R. Schwenninger, "How to Save the World: The Case for a Global Flat Tax" The Nation, May 13, 1996.

Parthasarathi Shome, "Global Incentive Policies: the case for environmental taxes," UNDP/Office of Development Studies Discussion Paper, 1996.

J. G. Smith, "Commentary: Exchange Rate Instability and the Tobin Tax," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Volume 21, Issue 6: November 1997.

Environmental Taxes/Subsidies (including carbon taxes)

William Cline, The Economics of Global Warming, (Washington DC: IIE, 1991).

Antonia Cornwell, Environmental Taxes and Economic Welfare : Reducing Carbon Dioxide Emissions, New Horizons in Environmental Economics Series, Cheltenham, UK, 1997.

Andre de Moor and Peter Calamai, Subsidizing Unsustainable Development: Undermining the Earth with Public Funds (Earth Council Institute of Canada, 1997).

Henry Lee (ed.), Shaping National Responses to Climate Change (Washington DC: Island Press, 1995).

Richard D. Morgenstern, "Environmental Taxes: Is There a Double Dividend?" in Environment, 38:3, April 1996.

Frank Muller, "Mitigating Climate Change: The Case for Energy Taxes" Environment 38:2; March 1996.

OECD, Environmental Taxes and Green Tax Reform (Paris: OECD, 1997).

OECD, Subsidies and the Environment: Exploring the Linkages (Paris: OECD, 1996).

James Poterba and Dornbusch (eds.) Global Warming: Economic Policy Responses (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1991).

David Malin Roodman, Getting the Signals Right: Tax Reform to Protect the Environment and the Economy, Worldwatch Paper 134 (Washington, DC: WorldWatch Institute, May 1997).

David Malin Roodman, Paying the Piper: Subsidies, Politics, and the Environment, Worldwatch Paper 133 (Washington, DC: WorldWatch Institute, December 1996).

Selected UN Documents

10 June 1996 - "New and Innovative Ideas for Generating Funds" (E/1996/CRP.1)(16 pages)
ECOSOC paper summarizing major proposals and giving documentary references.

April 1996 - report of debate at the Commission on Sustainable Development.

6 March 1996 - "Financial Resources and Mechanisms" (E/CN.17/1996/28)(17 pages)
Chairman's Summary of the Third Expert Group Meeting on Financial Issues of Agenda 21, held in Manilla, Philippines, 6-8 February 1996 - to be considered at the Commission on Sustainable Development (item 4).

24 February 1995 - "Financial Resources and Mechanisms" (E/CN.17/1995/29)(pages)
Chairman's Summary of the Second Expert Group Meeting on Financial Issues of Agenda 21, held in Glen Cove, USA, 15-17 February 1995.

See also the following reports of the Secretary General that are relevant to the issue: A/50/1, A/50/666, A/47/277-S/24111, A/48/935, and A/49/665.

Bibliography on Globalization

Samir Amin
Capitalism in the Age of Globalization: The Management of Contemporary Society
London, Zed Books, 1997

Richard Barnet and John Cavanagh
Global Dreams: Imperial Corporations and the New World Order
New York, Simon & Schuster, 1994

Zygmunt Bauman
Globalization: The Human Consequences
Cambridge, Polity Press, 1998

Oliver Boyd-Barrett and Terhi Rantanen
The Globalization of News
London, Sage, 1998

Sandra Braman and Annabelle Sreberny-Mohammadi
Globalization, Communication and Transnational Civil Society
New Jersey, Hampton Press, 1996

Jeremy Brecher and Tim Costello
Global Village or Global Pillage: Economic Reconstruction From the Bottom Up
Boston, South End Press, 1994

Lowell L. Bryan and Diana Farrell
Market Unbound: Unleashing global capitalism
New York, John Wiley, 1996

Michel Chossudovsky
The Globalisation of Poverty: Impacts of IMF and World Bank Reforms
London, Zed Books, 1997

Ian Clark
Globalization and Fragmentation: International Relations in the Twentieth Century
Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1997

Susan E. Clarke
The Work of Cities
Minneapolis, University of Minnesota Press, 1998

William Greider
One World, Ready or Not: The Manic Logic of Global Capitalism
New York, Simon & Schuster, 1997

Satya Dev Gupta
The Political Economy of Globalization
Boston, Zed Books, 1997

Jeff Haynes
Religion, Globalization, and Political Culture in the Third World
New York, St. Martin's Press, 1999

Andrew Herod, Gearoid O Tuathail, and Susan M. Roberts
An Unruly World? : Globalization, Governance, and Geography
New York, Routledge, 1998

Ankie M.M. Hoogvelt
Globalization and the Postcolonial World: The New Political Economy of Development
Baltimore, Johns Hopkins University Press, 1997

R.J. Holton
Globalization and the Nation-State
New York, Macmillan press, 1998

Jeffrey James
Globalization, Information Technology and Development
New York, St. Martin's Press, 1999

Ray Kiely and Phil Marfleet
Globalisation and the Third World
New York, Routledge, 1998

Mark Lewis
The Growth of Nations: Culture, Competitiveness, and the Problem of Globalization
England, Bristol Academic Press, 1996

Priyatosh Maitra
The Globalization of Capitalism in Third World Countries
Westport, Praeger, 1996

James H. Mittelman
Globalization: Critical Reflections
Boulder, Lynne Rienner Publishers, 1996

Zdravko Mlinar
Globalization and Territorial Identities
Vermont, Avebury, 1992

Proshanta K. Nandi and Shahid M. Shahidullah
Globalization and the Evolving World Society
Boston, Brill, 1998

Roland Robertson
Globalization: Social Theory and Global Culture
London, Sage, 1992

Saskia Sassen
Globalization and Its Discontents
New York, New Press, 1998

Victor Segesvary
From Illusion to Delusion: Globalization and the Contradictions of Late Modernity
San Francisco, International Scholars Publications, 1999

Gary Teeple
Globalization and the Decline of Social Reform
New Jersey, Humanities Press, 1995

Caroline Thomas and Peter Wilkin
Globalization and the South
New York, St. Martin's Press, 1997

Malcolm Waters
New York, Routledge, 1995

Bibliography on Empire?

Past Empires

Abernethy, David B. (2000) The Dynamics of Global Dominance: European Overseas Empires, 1415-1980 (Yale University Press)

Badian, Ernst (1967) Roman Imperialism in the Late Republic (South African University Press)

Black, Jeremy (2004) The British Seaborne Empire (Yale University Press)

Boxer, Charles R. (1965) The Dutch Seaborne Empire 1600-1800 (Knopf)

Boxer, Charles R. (1969) The Portuguese Seaborne Empire 1415-1825 (Hutchinson)

Brunschwig, Henri (1966) French Colonialism (Praeger)

Cain, Peter and Tony Hopkins (2001) British Imperialism, 1688-2000 (Longman)

Ferguson, Niall (2003) Empire: The Rise and Demise of the British World Order and the Lessons for Global Power (Basic Books)

Fromkin, David (2001) A Peace to End All Peace: The Fall of the Ottoman Empire and the Creation of the Modern Middle East (Owl Books)

Garnsey, P.D.S and Whittaker, C.R. (eds.) (1978) Imperialism in the Ancient World (Cambridge University Press)

Gibbon, Edward, and Hugh Redwald Trevor-Roper (1993) Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire/Volumes 1, 2, & 3 (Knopf)

Hobsbawm, Eric J. (1989) The Age of Empire 1875-1914 (Vintage)

Hochschild, Adam (1999) King Leopold's Ghost (Houghton Mifflin)

Isaac, Benjamin (1997) The Limits of Empire: The Roman Army in the East (Clarendon Press)

James, Lawrence (1997) The Rise and Fall of the British Empire (St. Martin's Press)

Lieven, Dominic (2000) Empire: The Russian Empire and Its Rivals (Yale University Press)

Luttwak, Edward N. (1976) The Grand Strategy of the Roman Empire (Johns Hopkins University Press)

Parry, J.H. (1966) The Spanish Seaborne Empire (University of California Press)

Parry, J.H. (1940) The Spanish Theory of Empire in the Sixteenth Century (Cambridge University Press)

Porter, Bernard (1996) Lion's Share: Short History of British Imperialism 1850-1995 (ADDIS)

Schama, Simon (2002) The Fate of Empire 1776-2000 (Miramax)

Smith, Woodruff (1976) The German Colonial Empire (University of North Carolina Press)

Stern, Fritz (1977) Blood and Iron: Bismarck, Bleichroder and the Building of the German Empire (Random House)

Ste. Croix, G.E.M. de (1972) The Origins of the Peloponnesian War (Cornell University Press)

Thorton, Archibald Paton (1985) The Imperial Idea and Its Enemies: A Study in British Power (Palgrave Macmillan)

Yacono, X. (1973) La colonisation francaise (Presses Universitaires de France)

Theory and Comparative Empires

Alcock, Susan E. et al (2001) Empires (Cambridge University Press)

Doyle, Michael W. (1986) Empires (Cornell University Press)

Duverger, Maurice (ed.) (1980) Le concept d'empire (Presses Universitaires de France)

Hobson, John A. (1902) Imperialism: A Study (James Pott and Co.)

Hopkins, A.G. (ed.) (2002) Globalization in World History (Norton)

Howe, Stephen (2002) Empire: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford University Press)

Lenin, V.I. (1916) Imperialism: The Highest Stage of Capitalism (International)

Motyl, Alexander J. (2001) Imperial Ends: The Decay, Collapse and Revival of Empires (Columbia University Press)

Osterhammel, Jurgen and Shelley L. Frisch (Translator) (1997) Colonialism: A Theoretical Overview (Markus Weiner)

Said, Edward W. (1978) Orientalism (Pantheon)

Said, Edward W. (1993) Culture and Imperialism (Knopf)

US Empire?

Bacevich, Andrew J. (2002) American Empire: The Realities and Consequences of US Diplomacy (Harvard University Press)

Blum, William (2000) Rogue State: A Guide to the World's Only Superpower (Common Courage)

Chomsky, Noam (2003) Hegemony or Survival: America's Quest for Global Dominance (Metropolitan Books)

Eland, Ivan (2004) The Empire Has No Clothes: U.S. Foreign Policy Exposed (Independent Institute)

Ferguson, Niall (2004) Colossus: The Price of America's Empire(The Penguin Press)

Garrison, Jim (2004) America as Empire: Global Leader or Rogue Power? (Berrett-Koehler Publishers)

Hardt, Michael and Toni Negri (2001) Empire (Harvard University Press)

Ikenberry, G. John (ed.) (2002) America Unrivaled: The Future of the Balance of Power (Cornell University Press)

Johnson, Chalmers A. (2000) Blowback: The Costs and Consequences of American Empire (Owl Books)

Johnson, Chalmers A. (2004) The Sorrows of Empire (Metropolitan Books)

Khalidi, Rashid (2004) Resurrecting Empire (Beacon Press)

Kupchan, Charles (2002) The End of the American Era: US Foreign Policy and the Geopolitics of the Twenty-first Century (Knopf)

Magdoff, Harry (1969) The Age of Imperialism: The Economics of US Foreign Policy (Monthly Review Press)

Mahajan, Rahul (2003) Full Spectrum Dominance: US Power in Iraq and Beyond (Seven Stories Press)

Mann, Michael (2003) Incoherent Empire (Verso)

Mead, Walter Russell (1988) Mortal Splendor: The American Empire in Transition (Houghton Mifflin)

Mearsheimer, John (2003) The Tragedy of Great Power Politics (WW Norton)

Nye, Joseph S. (2004) Soft Power: The Means to Success in World Politics (Public Affairs)

Panich, Leo and Colin Leys (2003) The New Imperial Challenge (Monthly Review Press)

Richter, Daniel K. (2001) Facing East from Indian Country: A Native History of Early America (Harvard University Press)

Roy, Arundhati (2004) An Ordinary Person's Guide to Empire (South End Press)

Smith, Neil (2003) American Empire: Roosevelt's Geographer and the Prelude to Globalization (University of California Press)

Van Alstyne, Richard W. (1960) The Rising American Empire (Norton)

Wallerstein, Immanuel (2003) The Decline of American Power (New Press)

Williams, William Appleman (1969) The Roots of the Modern American Empire (Random House)

Williams, William Appleman (1959) The Tragedy of American Diplomacy (World)

Wood, Ellen Meiksins (2003) Empire of Capital (Verso Books)

Zimmerman, Warren (2002) First Great Triumph: How Five Americans Made Their Country a World Power (Farrar Straus & Giroux)

US Unilaterialism

Bennis, Phyllis and Noam Chomsky (2002) Before and After: US Foreign Policy and the September 11th Crisis (Olive Branch Press)

Boren, David, Edward J. Perkins and William Crowe (2000) Preparing America's Foreign Policy for the 21st Century (University of Oklahoma Press)

Daalder, Ivo H. and James M. Lindsay (2003) America Unbound: The Bush Revolution in Foreign Policy (Brookings Institution)

Feffer, John, Barbara Ehrenreich and Michael T. Klare (2003) Power Trip: US Unilateralism and Global Strategy After September 11 (Seven Stories Press)

Foot, Rosemary, S. Neil MacFarlane and Michael Mastanduno (eds.) (2003) US Hegemony and International Organizations: The United States and Multilateral Institutions (Oxford University Press)

Haas, Richard (1998) The Reluctant Sheriff: The United States After the Cold War (Council on Foreign Relations Press)

Kagan, Robert (2003) Of Paradise and Power: America and Europe in the New World Order (Knopf)

Nye, Joseph S. (2002) The Paradox of American Power: Why the World's Only Superpower Can't Go It Alone (Oxford University Press)

US Interventions

Boot, Max (2003) The Savage Wars of Peace: Small Wars and the Rise of American Power (Basic Books)

Blum, William (1995) Killing Hope: U. S. Military and CIA Interventions Since World War II (Common Courage)

Chomsky, Noam (2000) Rogue States: The Rule of Force in World Affairs (South End Press)

Furedi, Frank (1994) The New Ideology of Imperialism: Renewing the Moral Imperative (Pluto Press)

Haas, Richard (1994) Intervention: The Use of American Military Force in the Post-Cold War World (Carnegie Endowment for International Peace)

Ignatieff, Michael (2003) Empire Lite: Nation-Building in Bosnia, Kosovo and Afghanistan (Vintage)

Kolko, Gabriel (2002) Another Century of War (New Press)

Kolko, Gabriel (1988) Confronting the Third World: United States Foreign Policy, 1945-1980 (Pantheon Books)

Mahajan, Rahul (2002) The New Crusade: America's War on Terrorism (Monthly Review Press)

Humanitarian Intervention

Barnett, Michael (2002) Eyewitness to a Genocide: The United Nations and Rwanda (Ithaca: Cornell University Press)

Chatterjee, Deen K. & Don E. Scheid, eds. (2003) Ethics and Foreign Intervention (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press)

Chesterman, Simon (2003) Just War or Just Peace?: Humanitarian Intervention and International Law (Oxford Press)

Daalder, Ivo H., and Michael E. O'Hanlon (2000) Winning Ugly: NATO's War to Save Kosovo (Washington, DC: Brookings)

Des Forges, Alison (1999) Leave None to Tell the Story: Genocide in Rwanda (New York: Human Rights Watch)

Finnemore, Martha (2003) The Purpose of Intervention: Changing Beliefs about the Use of Force (Ithaca:Cornell University Press)

Glennon, Michael J. (2001) Limits of Law, Prerogatives of Power: Interventionism After Kosovo (New York: Palgrave)

Hoffmann, Stanley, [Johansen, Robert C. and Sterba, James P.] (1997) The Ethics and Politics of Humanitarian Intervention (University of Notre Dame Press)

Holzgrefe, J. L. and Keohane, Robert O.[Editors] (2003) Humanitarian Intervention : Ethical, Legal and Political Dilemmas (Cambridge University Press)

International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty (2001) The Responsibility to Protect

Jokic, Aleksandar and Wilkins, Burleigh [Editors] (2003) Humanitarian Intervention As a Moral and Philosophical Issue (Broadview Press)

Kuperman, Alan J. (2001) The Limits of Humanitarian Intervention: Genocide in Rwanda (The Brookings Institution)

Mamdani, Mahmood (2001) When Victims Become Killers: Colonialism, Nativism, and the Genocide in Rwanda (Princeton: Princeton University Press)

Minear, Larry, Eliasson, Jan (Introduction) and Dr. Hammock, John (2002) The Humanitarian Enterprise: Dilemmas and Discoveries (Kumarian Press)

Power, Samantha (2002) A Problem from Hell: America and the Age of Genocide (New York: Basic Books)

Schnabel, Albrecht, and Ramesh Thakur, eds. (2000) Kosovo and the Challenge of Humanitarian Intervention: Selective Indignation, Collective Action, and International Citizenship (Tokyo: United Nations University Press)

Weiss, Thomas G. (2000) Humanitarian Challenges And Intervention (Westview Press)

Weissman, Fabrice [Medecins Sans Frontieres] (2004) In the Shadow of "Just Wars:" Violence, Politics, and Humanitarian Action (Cornell University Press)

Welsh, Jennifer M. (2004) Humanitarian Intervention and International Relations (Oxford: Oxford University Press)

Wheeler, Nicholas J. (2003) Saving Strangers: Humanitarian Intervention in International Society (Oxford University Press)

Bibliography on Nations and States

T. Alexander Aleinikoff and Douglas Klusmeyer (eds.)
From Migrants to Citizens: Membership in a Changing World
Washington, DC, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 2000

T. Alexander Aleinikoff and Douglas Klusmeyer (eds.)
Citizenship Today: Global Perspectives and Practices
Washington, DC, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 2001

Benedict Anderson
Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism
London, Verso Press, 1983

John A. Armstrong
Nations Before Nationalism
Chapel Hill, University of North Carolina Press, 1982

Ernest Gellner
Nations and Nationalism
Ithaca, Cornell University Press, 1983

Karl Deutsch
Nationalism and Social Communication
New York, 1959

Eric Hobsbawm
Nations and Nationalism since 1780
Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1990

Hans Kohn
The Idea of Nationalism
New York, 1944

Kenichi Ohmae
The End of the Nation State: the rise of regional economies
New York, Free Press, 1995

Saskia Sassen
Globalization and Its Discontents
New York, New Press, 1998

Hugh Seton-Watson
Nations and States
Boulder, Westview, 1977

Anthony Smith
The Ethnic Origins of Nations
Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1986

Susan Strange
The Retreat of the State: the diffusion of power in the world economy
Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1996

World Bank
The State in a Changing World (World Development Report, 1997)
Washington, World Bank, 1997

Bibliography on UN Reform

Yves Beigbeder
United Nations Organizations. The Long Quest for Reform
Houndmills/London: MacMillan Press 1997.

Maurice Bertrand
The Historical Development of Efforts to Reform the UN in: Adam Roberts/Benedict Kingsbury (eds.):
United Nations, Divided World. The UN's Roles in International Relations, 2nd ed.
Oxford: Oxford University Press 1993, pp.420-436.

Erskine Childers with Brian Urquhart
Renewing the United Nations System
New York & Uppsala, Ford Foundation & Dag Hammarskjöld Foundation, 1994
(unquestionably the best set of proposals, embedded in a very revealing and well-informed analysis)

Commission on Global Governance
Our Global Neighborhood
New York, Oxford University Press, 1995

Klaus Dicke/Manuel Frohlich
Reform of the United Nations in: Helmut Volger (ed.): A Concise Encyclopedia of the United Nations
Leiden/Boston, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, second revised edition 2010, pp. 587-582.

Bardo Fassbender
UN Security Council Reform and the Right of Veto. A Constitutional Perspective
The Hague et al.: Kluwer Law International 1998.

Klaus Hüfner (ed.)
Agenda for Change. New Tasks for the United Nations
Opladen: Leske + Budrich Verlag 1995.

Independent Working Group on the Future of the UN System
The United Nations in Its Second Half-Century
New Haven, Yale, 1995

Tatsuro Kunugi, Makoto Iokibe, Takahiro Shinyo and Kohei Hashimoto
Towards a More Efective UN
Tokyo, PHP Research Institute, 1996

Martina Metzger/Birgit Reichenstein (eds.)
Challenges for International Organizations in the Twenty-First Century. Essays in Honor of Klaus Hüfner
Houndmills/Basingstoke et al.: MacMillan Press 2000.

Joachim W. Muller
The Reform of the United Nations
New York, Oceana, 1992

George Soros, Chairman
Independent Task Force sponsored by the Council on Foreign Relations
American National Interest and the United Nations
New York, Council on Foreign Relations, 1996

South Centre
For a Strong and Democratic United Nations:
a South perspective on UN reform

Geneva, South Centre, 1996

United States Commission on Improving the Effectiveness of the United Nations
Defining Purpose: the U.N. and the Health of Nations
Washington, US Commission, 1993


Bibliography on UN Finance

George Davidson
United Nations Financial Emergency--Crisis and Opportunity
Hanover: Darthmouth College United Nations Institute, 1986

Mahdi Elmandjra
The United Nations System
London: Faber and Faber, 1973

Robert W. Gregg
"The Financial Crisis: The United States versus the United Nations"
ch. 4 of About Face? The United States and the United Nations
Boulder: Lynne Reiner, 1993

Klaus Hüfner
"Financial Crises"
Helmut Volger (ed.), A Concise Encyclopedia of the United Nations
Leiden/Boston, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, second revised edition 2010, pp. 182-189.

Klaus Hüfner
"Financing the UN: Proposals for Reform"
Klaus Hüfner (ed.): Agenda for Change. New Tasks for the United Nations
Opladen: Leske + Budrich Verlag 1995, pp. 257268

Klaus Hüfner
"Financing the United Nations: The Role of the United States"
Dennis Dijkzeul and Yves Beigbeder (eds.): Rethinking International Organizations: Pathology and Promise.
New York, Oxford: Berghahn Books 2003, pp. 29-53.

Independent Advisory Group on U.N. Financing
Financing an Effective United Nations ["The Ogata-Voker Report"]
New York: Ford Foundation, 1993

Jeff Laurenti
Financing the United Nations
New York: UN Association of the USA 2001

Anthony McDermott
United Nations Financing Problems and the New Generation of Peacekeeping and Peace Enforcement
Providence: Watson Institute/Brown University, 1994

Susan R. Mills
The Financing of United Nations Peacekeeping Operations:
The Need for a Sound Financial Basis

New York: International Peace Academy, 1989

Joachim W. Muller
The Reform of the United Nations
New York: Oceana, 1991

John G. Stoessinger
Financing the United Nations System
Washington: Brookings Institution, 1964

US Congress. House. Committee on Foreign Affairs
"United Nations Financial Situation: background and consequences of the article 19 controversy over the financing of the U.N. peacekeeping operations"
Washington: Government Printing Office, 1966


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