The 2030 Agenda identifies extreme poverty and social inequalities as the greatest global challenges for sustainable development. It also highlights the need to implement measures at the local level, thereby sending countries down to work on their social policies, development plans and their respective implementing strategies. One symptom of poverty and inequalities is the fact that the majority of low income people are left behind and resort living in informal settlements. Therefore, among others, measures in the area of adequate and affordable housing are one way of tackling these challenges. In the current edition of the sef: Foreign Voices Series, Joseph I. Shewiyo, Zonal Commissioner for Lands at the Ministry of Lands, Housing and Human Settlements Development Tanzania, gives an insight into local initiatives and challenges Tanzania has set up in the area of adequate and affordable housing. He highlights the challenges but also the opportunities embedded in strategies to provide decent housing in Tanzania.
December 12, 2016 | Stiftung Entwicklung und Frieden
Affordable Housing in Tanzania. Local initiatives and challenges in implementing the 2030 Agenda
Foreign Voices #3
By Joseph I. Shewiyo
The 2030 Agenda identifies extreme poverty and social inequalities as the greatest global challenges for sustainable development. It further highlights the need to implement measures at the local level to combat inequalities within and among countries, build an inclusive society, empower women and girls and ensure the protection of the planet and its natural resources. This mandate sends countries down to work on their social policies, development plans and their respective implementing strategies addressing measures to overcome poverty and build an inclusive society.
There are several approaches in measuring poverty including the economic, non-economic and the composite approaches. While economic measures are normally used where poverty is defined in terms of basic needs or material standard of living, the non-economic measures are used where poverty is defined in terms of rights and capabilities. Poverty may also be looked at from the type and quality of assets and facilities available in enabling life of people in that particular society. Individuals and households are considered poor when they have insufficient resources to enable them meet their minimum welfare requirements.
A country’s social policies and their respective implementation strategies are therefore expected to address measures to deal with challenges of poverty, poor health, lack of education, unemployment and inadequate housing to meet the targets of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. This paper will focus on the area of affordable housing by outlining best practice methods applied in providing affordable housing in Tanzania: what has been done, what can be done and what are the challenges and opportunities involved in providing adequate and affordable housing?