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The region of Nagorno-Karabakh in the South Caucus is an unrecognized de factostate established within modern day Azerbaijan.  Although internationally accepted as a part of Azerbaijan, Nagorno-Karabakh has refused Azerbaijani authority in the region since 1991, referring to itself as the Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast.

1988 marked the beginning of protests by the Karabakh community demanding unification with the Armenian Republic.  With the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991 tensions escalated as both Azerbaijan and Armenia laid claim to Karabakh territory, leading swiftly to the height of the Nagorno-Karabakh war between 1991 and 1994. Despite a ceasefire between Azerbaijan and Armenia conflict still occurs today, prompting discussion by the United Nations and European Parliament over the future and security of Nagorno Karabakh.





European Firms Discuss Investment in Nagorno-Karabakh (February 7, 2011)

The creation of hydroelectric stations in Nagorno Karabakh is attracting attention from western European investors. Despite the potential backlash from Azerbaijani officials who do not recognize Nagorno Karabakh as an autonomous state, investors are aware that Karabakh's modern energy systems are unique within the south Caucasus and will in time allow energy to be exported beyond Azerbaijan's borders. This article highlights how food security and energy independence are crucial in Karabakh's struggle to break away from Azerbaijan and how foreign investment demonstrates a further acknowledgment of its autonomy. (Radio Free Europe)


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