As the death toll rises after the Philippines’ 12th typhoon this year, a new report questions the world’s biggest fossil fuel companies making billions in profits without paying for any of the climate damage their product is causing.
“Making a Killing: Who pays the real costs of big oil, coal and gas?” released today in Bonn by the Carbon Levy Project, outlines several cases where developing countries have suffered real loss and damage from climate change impacts. Loss and damage – the worst impacts of climate change that go beyond what people can adapt to – is a crunch issue in the lead up to the Paris climate summit.
“Developed countries object to loss and damage forming part of the core Paris agreement – yet for vulnerable countries it is an existential issue and its inclusion is essential. One reason developed countries object to including Loss and Damage in the Paris Agreement is because they don’t want to pay for it. The Carbon Levy offers a new source of finance – a levy on the extraction of fossil fuels – direct from the entities who caused the problem, and may help to overcome developed country concerns. Our report raises the question: why should big oil, coal and gas continue to make outrageous profits and outsource the true cost of their product upon the poor who are paying with their lives?” – Julie Anne Richards, co-author of the report.
The Carbon Levy Project has analysed three climate-related events that have led to actual loss and damage, and compare those costs with the profits of some of the 90 “Carbon Majors” who are responsible for more than two thirds of the man-made greenhouse gas emissions in the atmosphere today.
- In November 2013, the deadly Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda) blasted the Philippines, killing more than 7300 people and forcing four million from their homes. The damage was estimated to be around USD$10 billion. Chevron’s profits in 2013 were USD$21.4 billion.
- In Kenya a four-year drought has decimated crops, At its peak it left 13.3 million people with food shortages and led to a large number of deaths. Government of Kenya estimated losses of USD$12.1 billion. Over the same period Shell made profits of USD$90.2 billion.
- In Papua New Guinea, the Government has started a programme of relocating the 6000 inhabitants of the Carteret Islands to other parts of the country, as the Cartaret Islands are suffering from the effects of sea level rise and increased salinity. While the Carteret Islands needs USD$5.3 million to relocate, ExxonMobil recorded USD$32.5 billion in profits in 2014 alone.
The total cost of loss and damage for the 48 least developed countries is currently estimated to be USD$50 billion annually, while the 13 biggest fossil fuel companies made more than $100 billion in profits last year. The top two fossil fuel companies—Chevron and ExxonMobil—made more than USD$50 billion between them.